Working with Others

The 3 Cs: Collaboration, Cooperation, Coordination

The 3 Cs

Image retrieved from Lib Journal

We are going to explore various theories and team development rationale that will help you to better understand why Royal Road's has adopted Team Based Learning as a pillar of their learning and teaching model. The '3 C's: Cooperation, Coordination and Collaboration' looks at stages teams can evolve through.

Cooperation: individuals exchange relevant information and resources in support of each other’s goals rather than a shared goal. When cooperation occurs, something new may be achieved, but it typically comes from the individual, not a collective team effort.

Coordination: resources and information are shared so each party can accomplish their part in support of a mutual objective. However, in coordination, nothing new is created.

Coordination requires members to sacrifice some personal needs and goals for the team’s needs and goals. At this phase of development, teams have the potential to overcome the limits of individual members and produce work that express shared effort and insight. This aligns with the potential team on the team performance curve.

Collaboration: working together to create something new in support of a shared vision. The most important process is to get people to work on the same goals. Collaboration is not an individual effort. Something new is created and the glue is the “shared vision.”

Collaborative teams align with real teams on the team performance curve. Collaborative teams synergistically combine the skills, knowledge, and insights of all its members to achieve its goals. Often, the projects of collaborative teams are beyond the capacity of any individual team member, and as such are truly innovative. At this stage of development, it is likely the team can function independent of support from faculty and staff, and is likely to be able to ask for help where and when needed. True collaboration takes significant effort from everyone on the team.